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Rethinking D&I: Why Traditional Unconscious Bias Training Falls Short

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For years, companies have relied on unconscious bias training as the cornerstone of their diversity initiatives, believing it to be the panacea for all their inclusion woes. Yet, despite the considerable time and resources invested, many organisations find themselves unable to unlock the benefits of Diversity and Inclusion. Surprised? We’re not. The research tells us unconscious bias training doesn’t work. So why do people keep doing it?

If you're frustrated by the lack of progress despite your best efforts, you are not alone. We'll dissect the shortcomings of traditional unconscious bias training and unveil a fresh perspective that promises tangible results. Whether you're a CEO striving to foster a more inclusive workplace culture, or a HR professional seeking innovative solutions, this is for you.

The Problem with Unconscious Bias Training

For years, companies have turned to unconscious bias training with the belief that it would lead to a more inclusive workplace culture. The premise is simple: by educating employees about their unconscious biases, organisations can mitigate their impact on decision-making processes and foster a more inclusive workplace culture. However, while the intentions behind unconscious bias training are noble, the reality is that these programs often fail to produce meaningful behaviour or culture change for several reasons:

  1. These programs typically take a one-size-fits-all approach, failing to address the unique dynamics and challenges within each organisation. As a result, employees can struggle to see the relevance of the training to their day-to-day experiences, leading to disengagement and apathy.

  2. Unconscious bias training often focuses solely on raising awareness of bias, without providing practical strategies for behaviour change. Merely acknowledging bias is not enough to dismantle it. Without actionable tools and techniques, employees may feel ill-equipped to navigate bias in their interactions, perpetuating the very issues the training seeks to address.

  3. Unconscious bias training often lacks accountability measures to ensure that participants apply their learning in real-world scenarios. Without follow-up mechanisms, or ongoing support, individuals may revert to their previous behaviours once the training concludes, undermining the long-term effectiveness of the program.

  4. Discussions about bias can evoke feelings of discomfort, defensiveness, and resistance, particularly among those who perceive themselves as being unfairly targeted or accused. Traditional training methods often fail to create a safe and supportive environment for open dialogue, hindering productive conversations and learning opportunities.

The Illusion of Progress

In today's social and political climate, there is increasing pressure on leaders to address inequities and promote diversity and inclusion within their organisations.  Leaders may feel heightened pressure to find alternative solutions and demonstrate meaningful progress. In this context, unconscious bias training's limitations can be frustrating. Businesses invest significant time, resources, and effort into implementing unconscious bias training programs, expecting tangible results in terms of improved diversity, inclusion, and organisational culture. 

But whilst it feels like progress, it rarely yields the desired results and in fact can have the opposite effect.

  • While participants may gain a better understanding of the concept of unconscious bias and recognise its presence in themselves and others, this increased awareness does not necessarily translate into meaningful action or behaviour change. 

  • Many unconscious bias training programs are brief, one-time events that provide temporary spikes in awareness and engagement. However, without ongoing reinforcement, reflection, and practice, the effects of such training may fade over time, leading to a return to previous patterns of behaviour.

  • Unconscious bias training often overlooks the role of organisational culture and systemic factors in perpetuating bias and inequity. Even if individuals are motivated to change their behaviours, they may encounter resistance or barriers within the broader organisational context that hinder their efforts.

  • Assessing the effectiveness of unconscious bias training programs can be challenging due to the lack of standardised metrics and reliable methods for evaluating behavioural change. Without robust evaluation mechanisms in place, organisations may struggle to determine whether their training efforts are actually working.

Organisations that are perceived as falling short in their diversity and inclusion efforts may face reputational damage and negative public scrutiny. Increasingly, employees have high expectations for their organisation's diversity and inclusion efforts. When these expectations are not met, it can lead to disillusionment, decreased morale, and even employee disengagement, posing additional challenges for leaders.

To overcome the illusion of progress, diversity and inclusion principles must become integrated into all aspects of organisational strategy, fostering a culture of accountability and continuous learning, and actively dismantling barriers to equity and opportunity within the workplace.

The Need for a Paradigm Shift

So, if unconscious bias training isn't the solution to fostering diversity and inclusion in the workplace, what is? The answer lies in adopting a more holistic approach that addresses bias at both the individual and systemic levels. Rather than relying solely on awareness-raising initiatives, organisations must implement comprehensive diversity strategies that encompass the following elements:

  • Education and Awareness: While unconscious bias training can be a valuable component of a broader diversity strategy, it should not be viewed as a standalone solution. Instead, organisations should provide ongoing education and training opportunities that incorporate interactive exercises, case studies, and real-world scenarios. By engaging employees in active learning experiences, organisations can deepen their understanding of diversity issues and equip them with the tools to challenge bias effectively.

  • Structural Change: True progress in diversity and inclusion requires structural changes within organisations. This includes implementing policies and practices that promote equity and fairness in recruitment, hiring, and promotion processes. By addressing systemic barriers to diversity, organisations can create a more level playing field for all employees and foster a culture of inclusivity.

  • Leadership Commitment: Building a diverse and inclusive workplace starts at the top. Leaders must demonstrate a genuine commitment to diversity and inclusion by championing diversity initiatives, holding themselves and others accountable for bias, and fostering open dialogue about diversity issues. By leading by example, leaders can set the tone for the organisation and inspire others to follow suit.

  • Measurement and Evaluation: To ensure the effectiveness of diversity initiatives, organisations must establish metrics and benchmarks to track progress over time. By regularly measuring and evaluating the impact of diversity programs, organisations can identify areas for improvement and make data-driven decisions to drive continuous improvement.

At Kiltered, we understand the importance of driving meaningful change within organisations. That’s why we don’t do unconscious bias training. We offer customised programs tailored to the specific needs and challenges of each client. By combining  research in fields of organisational psychology and behavioural science with practical, real-world strategies, we empower leaders to build the frameworks needed to challenge bias and foster a culture of inclusion.

The ROI on D&I

Investing in diversity and inclusion isn't just the right thing to do—it's also a smart business decision. While establishing effective diversity and inclusion initiatives may require upfront resources and effort, the return on investment is clear. Diverse teams are more innovative, creative, and ultimately more successful than their less diverse competitors.

From reducing turnover and absenteeism to attracting top talent and improving customer satisfaction, the benefits of diversity and inclusion are undeniable. By investing in a diversity and inclusion strategy, organisations can not only mitigate the risks associated with bias, but also reap the rewards of a more diverse and inclusive workforce and gain a competitive edge in today's global marketplace.


Unconscious bias training is simply not enough to drive meaningful change within organisations. It's time for a new approach—one that prioritises customisation, skill-building, and tangible outcomes. We're committed to helping organisations empower their teams to reach their fullest potential through innovative diversity and inclusion strategies.

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